Glossary
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Alcalde
Mayor
Capitan
A military leader of settlement or town. During the Spanish colonization, most settlements were placed in charge of a military commander, ususally to deal with Indian hostilities.
Ciudad
City
Conde
Count
Contador
Accountant, Public Accountant
Cura
Priest
Hacienda
A large ranch or plantation
Fray
Friar
Lugar
Place
Paraje
A ranch or hacienda
Presidio
A fort or garrison which may or may not be part of a civilian community.
Pueblo
A mission or Indian settlement.
Real
A term used to describe a mining community in Spanish colonial Mexico.
Reino (Reyno)
Kingdom, Realm
Sierra Gorda
A term generally used to describe the region which later became Nuevo Santander. Sierra Gorda means "fat or thick" mountain range
Villa
Village
Virrey
Viceroy
 

Last Updated: August 30, 2002


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