Nuevo Leon
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History of Nuevo Leon
(Nuevo Reino de Leon)

bulletOrigins
bullet1730's Population Chart
bulletChronological Listing
bulletGovernors of Nuevo Leon 1582-1822

Places

Abasolo, Agualeguas, Alamo, Allende, Anahuac, Apodaca, Aramberri, Armadillo, Azanza, Boca de Leones, Bustamante, Cadereyta, Carrizal, Cerralvo, China, Ciénega de Flores, Colombia, Doctor Arroyo, Doctor Coss, Doctor Gonzalez, El Carmen, El Sauz, Galeana, Garcia, Garza Garcia, General Bravo, General Escobedo, General Teran, General Treviño, General Zaragoza, General Zuazua, Guadalupe, Hidalgo, Higueras, Hualahuises, Iturbide, Juarez, Labradores, Lampazos de Naranjo, Linares, Los Aldama, Los Herreras, La Iguana, Los Ramones, Marin, Melchor Ocampo, Mier y Noriega, Mina, Montemorelos, Monterrey, Mamulque, Paras, Pescadores, Pesqueria Chica, Pesqueria Grande, Potosi, Rayones, Sabinas Hidalgo, Salinas Victoria, Sanmiguel, San Nicolas de los Garza, Santa Catarina, Santa Rosa de Nadadores, Santiago, Terrero, Vallecillo, Villaldama

Official Web Site for Nuevo Leon

Map of Nuevo Leon

Origins

1576 Luis de Carbajal by orders of the governor Martin de Almanza entered into the land of war to punish and pacify the tribes of the mountains, an area now known as Nuevo Reino de Leon. 117-63

1579 Luis de Carbajal returns to Spain and makes a contract with the King to conquer and settle six hundred square leagues with name New Realm of Leon. 117-63 After crossing the San Juan river and naming it, he entered into the Monterrey area. From there, Carbajal traveled north and then east and arrived at the site where he established the new settlement of Leon (Cerralvo). Carbajal was a Portuguese Jew and traveled with an expedition of about 200 men, many of whom were from the old province of Leon in Spain. The area was very similar to there home in Spain, so the men named the new province Nuevo Reino de Leon (New Realm of Leon). 117-3 Later with some settlers from Saltillo, Carbajal established a settlement north of the springs of Monterrey and named it San Luis. Carbajal named as the first councilman, Gaspar de Castaño, who during this time settled a farm known as San Francisco (Apodoca). 117-66

1596 Under orders from the Viceroy of Mexico Gaspar de Zuniga, an expedition entered into what is today the Monterrey area in. Among the expedition was Diego de Montemayor, first governor of Nuevo Leon and Diego de Leon a franciscan missionary. A mission was established near Monterrey and was named Nueva Extremadura.

Notes on resources: 
1. Family History Center Resources refers to materials available through the Family History Centers which are sponsered by The Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints (LDS). You can check out there web site at familysearch.org. They have libraries at most major cities throughout the country where you may go and for a small fee request microfilm and other materials for a small fee (usually about $3.00 US). It takes 1 or 2 weeks to get the material usually.

2. Offical Web Sites are web sites sponsored by the city or state government. Here is the Official Web Site for the History of Tamaulipas (in Spanish).

3. Books on Civil and Church Records. As for the book listings I will list the source where the books are available. I am listing that which is available at the University of Texas Pan American Lower Rio Grande Valley Collection  because they located close to me and they have their list available online. These books may and probably are available at other locations. You can also check Borderlands Books for other titles that I list. This is a good source of books for this field of study.

Chronological Listing of Places

Towns and Settlements of Nuevo Leon

Modern Name (Common/Older Names) Date Founded 

Cerralvo (Leon, Villa de San Gregorio de Cerralvo), 12 Apr 1582 236-33

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

UTPA LRGV Collection [Nuevo León] Church Baptism Records, 1761-1859 [1871], 1806-1875 (including Grandparents). 4 volumes. [UTPA LRGV CS 108 .C47 C44 1989]
Cerralvo [Nuevo León] Church Marriage Records, 1761-1880. 2 volumes. [UTPA LRGV CS 108 .C47 C46 1989]
Cerralvo [Nuevo León] Church Death Records, 1761-1880. 3 volumes. [UTPA CS 108 .C47 C45 1989]

Founded by Luis Carvajal de la Cueva, Viceroy of el Nuevo Reyno de Leon on a massive land grant he received from the king of Spain. Originally known as Leon. It was located near to the mines of San Gregorio which were discovered in 1577 by Carvajal. 106-11 Well there were actually twenty seven mines in this area which produced much silver and lead. Cerralvo was the capital of the province for about 150 years before Monterrey. This town actually has a rich and little known history. In 1626 it was repopulated and in 1630 it was given the official title of "Villa". Even General Zachary Taylor was reported to have visited during his visit in 1846.

Founder: Luis Carvajal de la Cueva

Garcia (Villa de Pesqueria Grande, Hacienda de San Juan Bautista de Pesquería Grande) abt 1583

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Monterrey (Pueblo de Santa Lucia / Villa de San Luis / San Luis Nuestra Señora de Monterrey), 20 Sep 1596

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site


On September 20, 1596 San Luis Nuestra Señora de Monterrey was designated the capitol of the new province. Diego de Montemayor appointed councilmen and judges. The councilman were Alonso de la Barreda and Diego Inigo. As magistrates Juan Perez de los Rios, Diego Diaz de Berlanga, and Diego Maldonado. Procurator General was Diego de Montemayor, his son; Secretary Diego Diaz de Berlanga. Here is a list of some of the original settlers from Saltillo. 236-51

1 - DIEGO DE MONTEMAYOR, Gobernador
2 - DIEGO DE MONTEMAYOR, (mozo) Procurador Gral.
3 - DIEGO DIAZ DE BERLANGA, Regidor y escribano
4 - DIEGO RODRIGUEZ,
5 - JUAN LOPEZ DE JAEN, (vecino de la Cd. Mexico)
6 - LUCAS GARCIA
7 - MARTIN DE SOLIS
8 - DIEGO MALDONADO, Regidor
9 - CAP. JUAN PEREZ DE LOS RIOS, Regidor
10- ALONSO DE BARREDA, Alcalde Ordinario
11- PEDRO DE IÑIGO, Alcalde Ordinario
12- CRISTOBAL PEREZ
13- DOMINGO MANUEL

Founder: Diego de Montemayor

Santa Catarina (Valle de Santa Catarina, Santa Catalina) 20 November 1596

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Founder: Capitan Lucas Garcia (see list of settlers from Monterrey)

San Pedro Garza Garcia (La Estancia de los Nogales, Hacienda de San Pedro de los Nogales) 20 November 1596

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Juarez ( Hacienda de San Jose) 15 June 1604

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Apodaca (Hacienda de San Francisco, Villa de San Francisco de Apodaca)  bef 1610

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site


Hacienda de San Francisco was transferred to Capitan Jose de Treviño from Diego de Montemayor on 24 Sep 1610. 18-12 It is located between Monterrey and Cerralvo.

Hidalgo ( San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Hacienda de San Nicolas Obispo, Real de San Nicolas) 5 December 1611

Official Web Page

Founder: Bernabé de las Casas

Salinas Victoria ( Real de las Salinas, Las Salinas) 1636

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Cadereyta (Cadereyta Jimenez, Puerto de San Juan) 13 August 1637

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

UTPA LRGV Collection [Nuevo León] Church Baptisms Records, 1763-1846. [UTPA LRGV - do NOT own]
Cadereyta [Nuevo León] Church Baptisms Records, including Grandparents 1825-1835. [UTPA LRGV - see "Photocopied Manuscripts" List]
Cadereyta [Nuevo León] Church Marriage Records, 1710-1880. 2 volumes. [UTPA LRGV - Not yet cataloged]

This town was settled during the tenure of Viceroy Martin de Zavala. 
Founder: Luis de Zuniga Almaras.

Allende (Rancho del Reparo) 20 Mar 1646

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founder: Diego Rodríguez de Montemayor

Hualahuises (San Cristóbal de Gualagüises) 1646

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Santiago (Valle de Guajuco, San Nicolas del Guajuco) 1646

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Agualeguas (Mision de San Nicolas de Agualeguas / Pueblo de Nuestra Señora de la concepcion de Agualeguas, Santa Teresa de Alamillo) 1646

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

UTPA LRGV Collection
. 2 volumes. [UTPA LRGV - Not yet cataloged]
Agualeguas, Nuevo León Church Death Records, 1821-1880. [UTPA LRGV - Not yet cataloged]

Aramberri (Rio Blanco, Santo Tomas, Mision y Pueblo de Santa Maria de los Angeles de Rio Blanco) 1648

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

117-219

Abasolo (Eguia de Viudas, Hacienda de Viudas, Capilla de Viudas, San Vicente el Alto) 1648

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

General Zaragoza (San Jose, San Jose de Rio Blanco, Santa Maria del Rio Blanco) 1648

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

117-219

Galeana (Valle de Labradores, Hacienda de Pablillo, San Pablo de los Labradores) 1656

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Montemorelos ( San Mateo del Pilon, Valle del Pilon, La Regla) 1665

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Ciénaga de Flores (Cienega de Pedro Flores) 1675

Official Web Page

Marin (San Carlos de Marin, San Antonio de los Martinez, Valle de Carrizal de los Ayguales) 1684

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Books
EXTRACTOS BAUTISMALES DE LA PARROQUIA DE SAN ANTONIO DE LOS MARTINEZ (1802-1814), VOL I

Founder: Capitan Jose MARTINEZ FLORES, who arrived Nuevo Leon in 1670. It was also known as San Antonio de los Aiguales which was the name of the Indian tribe which habitated the area. 18-19

Bustamante (Real de los Infantes, San Miguel de la Nueva Tlaxcala) 16 Sep 1686

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

General Treviño (Rancho del Puntiagudo) 14 January 1688

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founder: Don Juan Bautista Chapa

Villaldama (Boca De Leones, Real de San Pedro, Real de San Pedro de Boca de Leones) 1690

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Sabinas Hidalgo (Valle de Santiago de las Sabinas,  Real Santiago de las Sabinas.) 15 Jul 1692

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

UTPA LRGV Collection
[Church] Baptisms [Records], 1843-1878. [UTPA LRGV - see "Photocopies Manuscripts" List]
Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Mexico [Church] Marriage [Records], 1761-1880. 2 Volumes. [UTPA LRGV - See "Photocopied Manuscripts" List]
Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, Mexico [Church] Death [Records], 1761-1880. 2 Volumes. [UTPA LRGV - see "Photocopied Manuscripts" List]

The town was founded during the culmination of Spanish mining in that region. Rio de Sabinas extended throughout the region.110-25

San Nicolas de los Garza (Hacienda San Nicolas, San Nicolas Tolentino, Estancia de los Garza) bef 1695

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

This Hacienda was owned by Pedro DE-LA-GARZA-FALCON RODRIGUEZ grandson of Marcos Alonso DE-LA-GARZA-FALCON.

Lampazos de Naranjo (San Antonio de la Nueva Tlaxcala, Misión de Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de la Punta de Lampazos) 12 November 1698

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founder: Fray Diego de Salazar

Pesqueria (Pesqueria Chica, Hacienda del Espirito Santo) 28 February 1699

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founders: Capitán Francisco de la Garza Falcón and his wife Leonor Sepúlveda y Rentería

Alamo
An indian settlement established by Martin de Zavala. Located thirty six miles from Cerralvo. 117-166

Mier y Noriega (Hacienda de San Antonio de Medina) c1705

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Melchor Ocampo (Rancho de Charco Redondo) 1708

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founder: Juan de Benavides y Napoleón de García

China (San Felipe de Jesus de China) abt 1710

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Doctor Gonzalez (Hacienda de Ramos) 1710

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Linares (San Felipe de Linares) 10 April 1712

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Founder: Sebastián Villegas Cumplido

Higueras (Hacienda de Santa Teresa de las Higueras) abt 1714

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founder: Diego Gonzalez Ochoa (El Mozo) (c1665-1728)

Guadalupe (Guadalupe de la Nueva Tlaxcala, Pueblo de Nueva Tlaxcala de Guadalupe, Guadalupe de Monterrey) February 1715

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Founder: Francisco de Barbadillo y Vitoria

General Teran (Valle de la Mota) 1746

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Founders: Sargento Mayor Don Carlos y Don Lorenzo Pérez de León

Los Herreras ( Rancho La Manteca) c1750

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Los Ramones ( San Jose de Capadero) c1766

Official Web Page

Founder: Francisco Plácido Rodríguez Baca

Vallecillo ( Real de San Carlos de Vallecillo, Rancho Mateño) 1768

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

UTPA LRGV Collection
[Nuevo León] Church Marriage Records 1768 - 1863. 2 volumes. [UTPA LRGV - Not yet cataloged]

Azanza (Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Azanza) 1798

1798 Settlement located about 30 miles south of Laredo. Abandoned in 1800 after the Rio Salado flooded it's banks. It was never re-settled. Many settlers perished in a flood, and the rest dispersed to other areas.108-291

Mina ( San Francisco de Cañas) 1811

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Los Aldamas ( Santa Maria de los Aldamas, Pueblo de Hoyos y Barrio de Mujeres) 24 December 1825

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Doctor Arroyo (Valle de la Purísima Concepción) 22 September 1826

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

El Carmen (Hacienda del Chipinque)

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

Doctor Coss (Paso del Zacate) 2 March 1850

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Iturbide ( Hacienda de los San Pedros, San Pedro del Cañon) 9 March 1850

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Paras (Dulce Nombre de Jesus Maria Y Jose de Paras, Rancho del Huizachal del los Canales) 17 February 1851

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Rayones ( San Miguel de Casillas, San Miguel de Tasajal, El Tasajal, Los Barriales de San Miguel del Tasajal) 22 September 1851

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

General Zuazua (Puesto de Santa Elena, Hacienda de Santa Elena) 2 March 1863

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

General Escobedo (Los Ayala, Hacienda del Topo de los Ayalas, El Topo) 24 February 1868

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page
Official Web Site

General Bravo (Rancho del Toro,  Hacienda de San Juan Bautista) 18 November 1868

Family History Center Resources
Official Web Page

Colombia (12/16/1882)

Family History Center Resources

Town was established by Bernardo Reyes on Rancho La Pita which was owned by Margarito Castañeda.108-294

La Iguana (Real de la Iguana)

Mining community southeast of Lampazos.

SanMiguel
108-301

Pescadores

Armadillo

Mamulque (Hacienda de Mumilque)

El Potosi (Hacienda de Potosi)

Family History Center Resources

Sandia

El Sauz

Terrero

Santa Rosa (Santa Rosa de Nadadores)

Anahuac 1933

Official Web Page

 

Governors of Nuevo Leon 1582-1822

Luis de Carvajal y de la Cueva 1582-1589
Diego de Montemayor 1599-1610
Diego de Montemayor
*El Mozo* Hijo del Fundador
1610-1611
Diego de Rodríguez - Interim 1611-1613
1614-1624
Agustín de Zavala - Interim 1613-1614
Alonso Lucas *El Bueno* - Interim 1624-1626
Martín de Zavala 1626-1664
León de Alza 1665-1667
Nicolás de Azcárraga 1667-1676
Domingo de Pruneda 1676-1681
Domingo de Videgaray y Sarza 1681
Francisco de la Calancha y Valenzuela - Interim 1681
Blas de la Garza y Falcón - Interim 1681
Juan de Echeverría - Interim 1681-1682
Alonso de León - Interim 1683
Antonio de Echevers y Subizar 1684-1687
Francisco Cuervo de Valdés - Interim 1687-1688
Pedro Fernández de la Ventosa 1688-1693
Juan Pérez de Merino 1693-1698
Juan Francisco de Vergada y Mendoza 1698-1703
Francisco Báez Treviño - Interim 1703-1705
1714-1718
Gregorio de Salinas Verona 1705-1707
Cipriano García de Pruneda 1707-1708
Luis García de Pruneda 1708-1710
Francisco Mier y Torres 1710-1714
Ignacio Flores Mogollón 1718-1719
Francisco de Barbadillo y Victoria 1719-1723
Juan José de Arriaga y Brambilla 1723-1725
Pedro de Saravia Cortés 1725-1730
Bernardino de Meneses Monroy y Montoya 1730-1731
José Antonio Fernández de Jáuregui y Urrutia 1731-1740
Pedro del Barrio Junco y Expriella 1740-1746
1752-1757
Vicente Bueno de la Borbolla 1746-1752
Domingo Miguel Guajardo - Interim 1757-1759
Juan Manuel Muñoz de Villavicencio 1759-1762
Carlos de Velasco 1762-1764
Ignacio Ussel y Guimbarda 1764-1773
Francisco de Echegaray 1773
Melchor Vidal de Lorca y Villena 1773-1781
Vicente González de Santianes 1781-1785
Manuel Vahamonde y Villamil 1787-1795
Simón Herrera y Leyva 1795-1805
Pedro Herrera y Leyva - Interim 1805-1810
Manuel de Santa María 1810-1811
Santiago Villarreal 1811
Ramón Díaz Bustamante 1813
Pedro Manuel del Llano - Interim 1813
Fernando de Uribe - Interim 1813
José Antonio Mujica - Interim 1813
Francisco Antonio Farías - Interim 1814
Froylán Mier y Noriega - Interim 1815
Francisco Bruno Barrera - Interim 1816
1818-1822
Bernardo Villamil 1817-1818
Juan José de la Garza - Provisional 1822
José Alejandro de Treviño y Gutiérrez - Prov. 1822

 

 

1730's Population chart of Nuevo Leon

Families

Settlement Spanish Mestizo Mulatto Indian
Agualegas        
Cerralvo 73   3 5
Monterrey 54 34 25  
Santa Catarina 28 4    
Villa de Garcia 24 3    
Villaldama 39 19 14 15
Bustamante       92
Sabinas 35 13 14  
Villa de Santiago 65 11 2  
Cadereyta 65 30 6  
Sandia 11 22 *    
Labradores 13   9 11
San Antonio de los Llanos 10 3   3
Linares 20   14 7
Pilon y Mota 52   52 ** 26
TOTALS 489 139 145 149

* Mestizos and Coyotes
** Including Mestizos
Source: 117-66

Last Updated: August 30, 2002


This is a work in progress.

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