Surnames
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This work represents a study of some of the most prominent surnames of South Texas and Northeast Mexico. It is by no means a definitive guide but rather an ongoing study. If you have any comments or other information to offer that would be helpful to this area of study, please don't hesitate to send email.

Origin of Spanish Surnames
of South Texas and Northeast Mexico

Adame Aguirre Albornoz Aparicio Arcano Arispe Ayala Balli (Valli) Barrera Bartola Bazan Benavides Bocanegra Cabora Canales Cano Cantu Cardenas Castañeda Casas (De Las) Cavazos Cerda (De La) Cervantes Chapa Chavez Cisneros Cristobal Cuellar De Leon Diaz Elizondo Escamilla Estrada Farias Fernandez Flores Garcia Garza (De La) Galvan Gil Gomez Gonzalez Guajardo Guerra Gutierrez Guzman Hernandez Hinojosa Juarez Jugo Leal Lerma Longoria Lopez Lugo Maldonado Munguia Marjil Martinez Mier Montemayor Morales Moreno Montalvo Navarro Nuñez Nuño Olivares Onofre Ochoa Peña (De La) Perez Ponce Quintanilla Quiroga Ramirez Ramos Rendon Resendez Rodriguez Rosa (De La) Saenz Saldaña Saldivar Salinas Sanchez Sandoval Santos (De Los), Salome Sanchez Selvera Serna Solis Sosa Tavares (Tabaris) Tijerina Torres Treviño Uribe Valdez Vasquez Vega Vela Vera Villarreal Yzaguirre Zamora Zapata Zarate Zavala Zepeda

bulletAguirre
bulletCoahuila
Pedro de Aguirre was born 1610 in Laredo Navarra, Spain and arrived in Saltillo sometime in the 1630's.
bulletAlbornoz (Ahlbornoz
bulletMexico (Nueva España)
Rodrigo de Albornoz Chico arrived in Mexico in 1519 with the Pánfilo de Narváez expedition. (230-198)
In 1524, he again arrived in Mexico with Alonso de Estrada and two other royal servants and officers and was described as a Contador from Paradinas. (230-333). Estrada and Albornoz temporarily served as lieutenant governors while Cortéz was away marching against Cristobal de Olid, who had served as a captain and conqueror with Cortéz. Later, on a return trip to Cuba Olid and Diego de Velázquez plotted to rise against Cortéz (230-23)
Alonso Albornoz de Sosa, the great-great grandson of Alonso de Estrada, is one of the first verifiable of this surname to be born in Mexico. He was born in 1549 in Xochil.
bulletAyala
bulletNuevo Leon
Leonor de Ayala married Diego De Tremiño's son Jose de Treviño. Their first two sons Jose and Diego carried on the Ayala surname. These two sons were present in Nuevo Leon in 1603 as children.(117-93)
bulletBalli
bulletMexico (Nueva España)
Balli actually was first known as Vailly and originates in the provinces of Verona and Paudua, Italy. The first Balli we have record of in Mexico, is Pierre Vailly who settled in Mexico City in 1569. Pierre Vailly was born in Estrasburgo, France and was the son of Juan Bautista Vailly, and Catalina Rodriguez. His father was French and his mother was Italian. The Vaillys were members of the Order of Santiago and were mercenaries who fought against the Moors. Their Coat of Arms is dated 1326. Pierre Vailly later Castillianized his name to Pedro Balli. Pedro set up a printing press in 1574 and ran a shop, which his heirs operated till at least 1632. Pedro married Catalina del Valle and they had four sons, Juan Bautista, Jeronimo, Alonzo, and Pedro.
bulletBenavides (Baez Benavides)
bulletNuevo Leon
Capitan Francisco Baez Benavides arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon in 1620. He was born on the Island of Tenerife in the Canaries in 1594 and was the son of Gonzalo Baez de Benavides and Martha Lopez. He married Ines Rodriguez daughter of Juan Navarro and Maria Rodriguez. (117-93)
bulletBarrera
bulletNuevo Leon
Melchor Barrera was born 1600 in San Vicente, Reinos de Castilla, Spain. He married Mariana de Treviño and had at least eight children. Mariana was the daughter of Marcos Alonso de Treviño the son of Marcos Alonso De la Garza Falcon and Juana de Treviño.
bulletCantu
bulletNuevo Leon
Jeronimo Cantu (1600-1656) arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon in the 1640's. He had a brother named Jose. He married Juliana de Treviño and had at least six children. Their daughter Maria Cantu married Diego de Hinojosa and had at least seven children.(117-93)
bulletCardenas
bulletNuevo Leon
There was a Vicente Cardenas Gutierrez de Lara circa 1750's which apparently lived in Sabinas Hidalgo. He was married to Gregoria de Los Santos Villarreal. Some of his descendants remained in Sabinas until the late 1800's.
bulletCasas (De La)
bulletNuevo Leon
Bernabe de las Casas (1567-?) son of Miguel de las Casas and Maria Lopez was from the same town on the Island of Tenerife as Francisco Baez de Benavides. He first arrived in New Mexico in 1597 and sometime in the first decade of the 1600's arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon. He married Beatriz Navarro Rodriguez daughter of Juan Navarro and had at least seven children. Their daughter Maria married Alonso de Treviño son of Diego De Tremiño.
bulletCavazos (Cabazos) (Italian)
bulletNuevo Leon
Capitan Juan Cavazos who was born in the Villa of Santa Maria, Castilla Vieja, and entered into Nuevo Reino de Leon in 1626. He was Alcalde (Mayor) of Monterrey among other titles, for six separate terms during the mid 1600’s. He married Elena De la Garza Rodriguez daughter of Blas De la Garza Falcon about 1630 and had nine children.(117-93,159)
bulletChapa
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan Bautista Chapa (1630-1695) was born in Arbisola, Italy. He studied in Mexico City, and around 1650 migrated to Cadereyta with and served as the personal secretary, man at arms, and general assistant of General Alonso de Leon. His parents were Bartolome Schiapapria and Batestina Badi. It appears that the Italian surname SCHIAPAPRIA was changed to CHAPA. Juan married Beatriz Olivares Treviño the great grand daughter of Diego de Tremiño (1540-?). He is known as a writer of early histories of Nuevo Leon. He held various titles and accompanied De Leon on many of his expeditions.
bulletCuellar
bulletNuevo Leon
Bartolome Cuellar (1674-?) was the son of Antonio Lizzarrarraz and Ana Cuellar. It appears that some of his descendants migrated to Marin and Revilla, some apparently remained in the Monterrey area..
bulletDe Leon
bulletNuevo Leon
Alonso De Leon was born in Mexico City in 1605 and was the son of Lorenzo Perez and Adriana De Leon. He arrived in Nuevo Leon about 1636. His family was reportedely from Huichapan which is now in the State of Hidalgo. During the early years he participated in many Indian hunting expeditions and was soon leading companies as Captain. He was one of the founders of Cadereyta and lived there most of his life. (117-139) He later became a governor of Coahuila. De Leon married Josefa Gonzalez in Huichapan in September of 1635 and had at least 10 children, one of them being the General Alonso de Leon.
bulletEscamilla
bulletNuevo Leon
Francisco Perez de Escamilla was born in 1600 and held a congregation of Indians in Monterrey in 1640.
bulletEstrada
bulletMexico City (Nueva España)
Alonso de Estrada (1470-1530) was a treasurer from Ciudad Real who arrived in Mexico City in 1524 and served with Cortez. He was the reputed son (natural) of Ferdinand the Catholic. He married Mariana Gutierrez Flores also from Ciudad Real and had six children. When he arrived in Mexico he boasted of royal blood and demanded a high rank among Cortez’s new government.
bulletFlores
bulletNuevo Leon
The brothers Pedro and Juan Flores appear in records as early as the 1630's in Nuevo Reino de Leon. They apparently had two sisters.(117-93)
bulletGarcia
bulletNuevo Leon
Lucas Garcia son of Baltasar de Sosa and Ines Rodriguez married Juliana Quintanilla. He had at least five sons and one daughter and some of them signed their name as Garcia de Quintanilla or simply Quintanilla. He is mentioned in records as early as 1624.(117-93)
Anton Garcia who was married to Juana de Sepulveda arrived in Nuevo de Reino de Leon from Zacatecas in 1625.(117-94)
bulletGarza (De La)
bulletNuevo Leon
Marcos Alonso De la Garza Falcon born 1540 in Lepe, Huelva Spain and married Juana de Treviño Quintanilla in 1563. This family was among the first settlers of Monterrey. Several children from this family decided to carry the maternal name De La Garza while other children used the Treviño surname.
bulletGomez
bulletGonzalez
bulletNuevo Leon
Marcos Gonzalez arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon about 1603 and married Mariana Navarro daughter of Juan Navarro. Two of his daughters Beatriz and Anastacia Gonzalez Hidalgo Navarro married into the family of Marcos Alonso De la Garza Falcon to his sons Blas and the younger Marcos De la Garza Falcon respectively.
bulletGuerra (Guerra Cañamar)
bulletMexico City (Nueva España)
One of the first Guerra's to arrive in Mexico was Antonio Guerra Cañamar, who was born in Spain in 1602 and in 1624 married Catalina Fernandez De Rio Frio in Mexico City. They had four sons Jose, Antonio, Ignacio and Vicente.
bulletNuevo Leon
A Vicente Guerra Cañamar born about 1609 was the Capitan of Cerralvo in 1637 and appears in the record books as early as 1628. He was known as the discoverer of the "Peregrina" mines in the San Gregorio (Cerralvo) district. It is unclear if he had any descendants, but was wounded by Indians in 1632. 117-109
Ignacio Guerra Cañamar arrived in the Nuevo Reino de Leon in 1659. He was Alcalde (mayor) of Monterrey during the 1660's and 1670's and had as many as 15 children.
bulletNuevo Santander
Vicente Guerra Cañamar (1705-1753) grandson of Antonio Guerra Cañamar (1602-?) was the Capitan and one of the founders of Revilla.
bulletGuajardo
bulletNuevo Leon
There is a Francisco Martinez Guajardo in the Cerralvo record books in 1627.
A will also from Cerralvo and dated 1649 names as heirs a Pedro Guajardo and his wife Magdalena de Sosa.
bulletGutierrez (Gutierrez de Lara)
bulletNuevo Leon
A Tomas Gutierrez appears in the Monterrey record books in 1694.
bulletTamaulipas
Bernabe Gutierrez de Lara was one of the early settlers of Revilla and probably came from Nuevo Leon. He married Antonia De la Garza Falcon and had at least eight children.
bulletHinojosa (Ynojosa)
bulletNuevo Leon
One of the first in Nuevo Reino de Leon was Lt. Diego de Hinojosa Montaño born in Rio Blanco 1640 and was killed by Indians in 1673 in the Valley of San Antonio. Diego was the son of Alonso Montaño (1540-?) and Vitalia Hinojosa. He married Maria Cantu about 1663 and had at least seven children.
bulletLongoria
bulletNuevo Leon
A Diego de Longoria was a citizen of Monterrey in 1636 and was known to have a hacienda about four miles outside of town.(117-94)
bulletLopez
bulletNuevo Leon
There was a Juan Lopez that arrived with Carbajal in 1577. (117-94)
Alonso Lopez de Bahena also appears in records as early as 1609. (117-94)
bulletMaldonado
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan Maldonado appears in Monterrey record books as early as 1631. He was the son of Diego Maldonado and Antonia de Paz.(117-95)
A Carlos Maldonado son of a Antonio Maldonado also appears in 1653 records. (117-95)
bulletMartinez
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan Martinez appears as a witness in Monterrey in 1635. (117-95)
bulletMier
bulletNuevo Leon
Francisco de Mier Noriega "hombre de noble espendor y natural de los Reinos de Castilla" was the first in Nuevo Leon. He was married to Maria Margarita Buentello de Morales.
bulletMontemayor
bulletNuevo Leon
Diego de Montemayor was the first governor of Nuevo Leon and founded Monterrey in 1596.
bulletMorales
bulletNavarro
bulletMexico (Nueva España)
Juan Navarro (1533-1594) married Maria Rodriguez and had at least seven children. His father Juan arrived in Mexico as early as 1524.
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan's daughter Beatriz married Bernabe de las Casas and his daughter Mariana married Marcos Gonzalez. His grand-daughter Isabel daughter of Ines Navarro and Francisco Martinez Guajardo married Francisco Baez Benavides and had at least eleven children.
bulletOchoa
bulletNuevo Leon/Coahuila
Martin Ochoa Elijalde (circa 1610) married Maria Navarro. Their daughter Ana Maria married Jose Guadalupe Treviño, who was the son of Marcos Alonso De la Garza Falcon in 1640.
bulletOlivares
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan de Olivares (1590-1669) arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon in 1618 and first settled in Cerralvo. He married Juana de Treviño granddaughter of Diego De Tremiño. His daughter Beatriz married Juan Bautista Chapa. (117-95)
bulletPeña (De La)
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan Peña arrived with Bernabe de las Casas in Nuevo Reino de Leon in the first decade of the 1600's. His son Juan lived in Cerralvo and left descendants there
bulletPerez
bulletNuevo Leon
A Juan Perez de los Rios shows up in the Monterrey record books in 1605. (117-95)
bulletQuintanilla
bulletNuevo Leon
Some of the descendants of Juliana Quintanilla who married Lucas Garcia took on the Quintanilla surname.
Also, some of Beatriz de Quintanilla's grandchildren also took on this surname.
bulletRamirez
bulletNuevo Leon
A Diego Ramirez de Barrion Nuevo arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon with Carbajal in the latter part of the sixteenth century.
Pedro Ramirez also arrived with Carbajal and settled in Monterrey. Later after Diego de Montemayor's arrival, Pedro and his followers moved to the Cerralvo area.
A Juan Ramirez acted as a witness in Monterrey in 1613. (117-95)
bulletRodriguez
bulletMexico (Nueva España)
Juan Rodriguez de Villafuerte served as captain with Hernan Cortéz in the battle against Chalco in 1521. (230-256)
bulletNuevo Leon
Diego Rodriguez Sosa was one of the pioneer settlers of Monterrey and arrived with Diego de Montemayor. He was the son of Baltasar de Sosa and Ines Rodriguez. Diego married Sebastiana Treviño de Farias and had at least two daughters, Ines and Monica. Ines marred Pedro De La Garza Falcon son of Marcos Alonso De la Garza Falcon and had at least six children.
bulletSaenz
bulletNuevo Leon
Diego Saenz was a witness at Cerralvo in 1648. (117-95)
bulletSaldivar
bulletNuevo Leon
Agustin de Saldivar the son of Capitan Vicente de Zaldivar and Maria de Sosa appears in the record books in 1633. Vicente was with the Oñate Expedition to New Mexico in 1590 and later returned to Zacateces. (117-95)
bulletSalinas
bulletNuevo Leon
Pedro de Salinas was a witness at Cerralvo in 1635. (117-95)
bulletSanchez
bulletNuevo Leon
Juan Sanchez Camacho appears in the Monterrey record books in 1610.
Francisco Sanchez
appears in the Cerralvo record books in 1627. He was the son of Juan Sanchez de Ortega and Maria de Barrera both of Lepe, Castile.
Pablo Sanchez appears in the Monterrey record books in 1627. He was the son of Anton Sanchez and Isabel de Tejeda who were from Alba de Tormes, Castile.
Fernando Sanchez Zamora appears to have lived in San Antonio area of Nuevo Reino de Leon in the 1660's. (117-96)
bulletSantos (De Los)
bulletNuevo Leon
Bernardo de los Santos Coy was born 1603 in Lepe, Huelva Spain and married Beatriz Rojo Ruelas in 1622. They had at least three children, Bernardo, Catalina, and Pedro.
bulletTijerina
bulletTreviño (Trevinio, Tremiño, Treminio)
bulletMexico City (Nueva España)
Diego De Tremiño born in 1540 was one of the first with this name in Mexico. He married Beatriz de Quintanilla in 1563 and had at least nine children. Many of Diego's grandchildren even those born to daughters, carried on the Treviño name.
bulletNuevo Leon
Juana daughter of Diego de Tremiño married Marcos Alonso de la Garza Falcon in 1563. This family was among the first settlers of Monterrey. Several children from this family decided to carry on the maternal name Treviño while other children used De La Garza.
bulletUribe
bulletVazquez
bulletTamaulipas
Bartolome Vazquez married Alejandrina Sanchez de Uribe August 12, 1759 in Revilla. Alejandrina was the daughter of Tomas Sanchez de la Garza and Catalina de Uribe.
bulletVela
bulletNuevo Leon
Francisco Vela arrived in Cerralvo probably from Cuencame (Durango) in 1645. (117-96)
bulletVillarreal
bulletNuevo Leon
Diego de Villarreal arrived in Nuevo Reino de Leon with Governor Zavala in 1625 and married Beatriz de las Casas in 1630. Beatriz was the daughter of Bernabe de las Casas and Beatriz Navarro. Diego and Beatriz had at least six children.(117-96)
bulletYzaguirre
bulletNuevo Leon
Gregorio de Izaguirre appears in the Cerralvo record books as early as 1636 and had a daughter named Maria among his other children.
Diego de Izaguirre was a citizen of Monterrey in 1666.(117-96

Last Updated: August 30, 2002


This is a work in progress.

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